What Is Personal Injury Law And Its Purpose? A Detailed Overview

What is personal injury law? The law, commonly known as “Torts Law”, comes from the roots of Latin. When someone files a case for compensation or protection, personal injury law comes into action. The common cases that occur under this law are,

  • Accidents cause by vehicles
  • Medical malpractice
  • Defective/ Unreasonably damaged product
  • Emotional damage
  • Bodily harm
  • Life threats

Why do people file a personal injury law? Defendant’s negligence is the most common reason people file a lawsuit under this law. The most common cases of injuries result from accidents or life threats. After receiving such injuries, most people don’t know how to file for protection or compensation. This article will reveal the basics of this injury law and its process.

Table of Contents

What Is The Process Of Personal Injury Law

The first step after being inflicted any harm or damage is filing a report to the police. Then you need to file a case and claim personal injury. Moreover, you should look for a personal injury attorney or a lawyer. It is very important to start consulting someone as it will determine what compensation you receive for your injuries.

The most crucial part of filing a case under this law is that you must secure evidence. Moreover, the evidence can come in many forms, like police reports, photos of the injury when it took place, etc. You must secure as much evidence as possible before you file for a case. It will only help paint the defendant guilty for the harm he inflicted. Important evidence may include police reports, medical reports, and photos of the accident or crime scene. You can also secure witnesses who will only solidify your standing in the case.

Purpose Of Hiring A Personal Injury Attorney

After filing a case or claiming personal injury, the most important decision is to contact an attorney. The basic job of the attorney is to help you establish your case for compensation or protection from personal injury. Firstly, after you contact an attorney, he will interview you to determine whether this case has any purpose. The length of the interview varies. Generally, however, interviews that involve accidents with cars, bikes, etc., are brief and short.

Getting a personal injury attorney is not easy. However, you should be aware and ready to answer all appropriate questions regarding the case of injury. The lawyer may ask you to sign forms to help him attain your police and medical records. Moreover, he may also ask you to reveal information from an interview that you may have added with other attorneys or medical insurance companies.

After the attorney accepts to fight for your case, he will first gather all information. Moreover, he builds up a plan of attack on the defendant or the guilty party. The case will, however, heavily depend on the amount of evidence or any weapons you supply to the attorney.

Procedure In Court

After the case is ready, the next step is to file it to a court and a judge. It is the main and important step of filing a lawsuit against the inflictor. In court, when the trial is underway, the judge or jury examines the case and evidence you and your attorney provide. They will determine and decide if the defendant is guilty. Moreover, whether he will be legally responsible for the damages, he may have inflicted on your evidence.

The basic procedure of how a Personal Injury Law case proceeds are listed as follows:

  • Selecting a jury
  • Opening statements by each side
  • Witness testimony and cross-examination
  • Closing arguments by each side
  • The judge gives the jury instructions
  • Jury deliberation and the verdict

However, many cases exist where a mutual agreement between the parties resolves the dispute. If resolving the case in court doesn’t work out, the plaintiff can file a full lawsuit against the perpetrator or the defendant.

Settlement Outside Court

There are many cases where the court case settles before it even begins. It happens when the defendant and the plaintiff come to a settled agreement. Moreover, sometimes the insurance company can also offer some sort of settlement that is usually monetary. The main reason a settlement occurs in most cases is to avoid a long and exhausting trial. In most cases like car accidents, sometimes the trial can go on for months.

Moreover, it can also cost more than compensation in some cases. Hence most individuals and insurance companies settle it themselves outside or in court before anything gets out of hand. Other reasons for settling outside the court can be to keep it from getting into the public view. It occurs when the plaintiff is in the position of obtaining a serious amount of damage compensation. Moreover, a settlement outside court is very appealing if the judge is sympathetic.

How does The Law work?

Personal injury law was originally known as common laws or torts. These laws were made by high state judges as opposed to legislation or passed in bills. When a judge passes a law regarding personal injury, it would be widely put into practice by all the judges who rank lower in that state. However, at the time, these injury laws would work differently from state to state. Moreover, they would be compiled and called a restatement of torts.

Restatement Of Torts

Restatement of torts is a sort of guidebook which helps explain basic rules regarding injury laws. Many states take guidance from this book to carry out fair and legal actions in cases involving this law. With this in place, a judge can conduct a trial with guidance.

Bottom Line

So, in general, this law is very important and helps save a lot of people from being left utterly helpless in situations they have no control over. This law also helps keep everyone in check, as there would be chaos without it. Innocent people who may be left with lifelong injuries need compensation. Hence, this law is what provides security and relief to the people.

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